Each of the provinces has a capital city from which the province takes its name. Andalucia is justly proud of the cultural heritage, architecture and history displayed in these cities that is reflected in the numerous parks, museums and galleries. Any of the eight capital cities, Huelva, Cadiz, Seville, Cordoba, Jaen, Malaga, Granada or Almeria offers unique experiences for the discerning traveller. It is easy to spend at least a few days in each one and many are worth repeat visits to really get to know the city. We should mention the British Overseas Territory of Gibraltar. Some will say that Gibraltar is not part of Andalucia. Politically it is not, geographically it is and since Gibraltar is firmly attached to Andalucia and has so much to offer we are taking the geographical and geological view.
The towns and villages of Andalucia are no less interesting. From small fishing villages located on the coast, still employing techniques that originated thousands of years ago, to the famous sun baked white villages perched on rocky buttresses in the mountainous hinterland. The suffix ‘de la Frontera’ indicates the town or village was, sometime between the arrival of the Moors in 704AD and their eventual demise in 1492, on the ever fluctuating boundary between Moorish and Christian territory. Most towns and villages have their own local ethnographical and history and archaeological museums, all worth a visit. Many of the towns still retain defensive walls that contain a way of life unchanged for hundreds of years. You will find that each makes its own contribution to the culture and culinary repertoire of the provinces.
Andalucia is still a rural area. Its agricultural industries, though modernised, are unchanged since Neolithic times and now supply meat, fish, fruit and vegetables throughout Spain, to many countries in Europe. You will see vast areas of olive groves in Jaen, acres of plastic greenhouse in Almeria, hectares of vines in Malaga and cork oak forests in Seville and Cordoba. The mountainous terrain in Granada is noted for its pigs that produce the serrano jamon, morcilla and chorizo sausages. Whilst in the area try the much sought after white prawns and crayfish of Huelva washed down with a dry sherry from Cadiz.