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Visit Andaucia Best Travel Platform Spain
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Visit Andaucia Best Travel Platform Spain

Underground Andalucia

The limestone and gypsum uplands of the Sierra Baetica, also known as the Cordilleras Béticas (Baetic Mountain Ranges) or Baetic Mountains, stretch from the border with Portugal to the northeast coast of Valencia. The range comprises roughly parallel lines of mountains, the most famous being the Sierra Nevada, and is separated from the central massif and the Sierra Morena by the valley of the Rio Guadalquivir.
Natural caves abound in the limestone area and, uniquely, near Sorbas in the gypsum strata. The Sierra Morena is one of the richest areas in the world for metallic minerals, particularly copper and gold, and has been mined since prehistoric times resulting in many mining shafts. To the east of the region, iron, lead and silver have been similarly mined since time immemorial and some mines are being opened to the public, including the gypsum mine at Piulpi that has the largest geode in Europe.
Many of the caves have been used as shelters by prehistoric people who left arte de repuestre, cave art, behind. Over 700 caves and rock shelters are so far known in Andalucia, many with public access.
This series is a guide to the natural caves and the mines in Andalucia that are open to the public and worthy of a visit for their cave art, formations or industrial heritage.

Cueva de Ambrosio

Cueva de Ambrosio in Velez Blanco municipality, Almeria is famous for its cave art dating back over 20,000 years ... Read the complete article >>


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Cueva de Los Letreros

Cueva de Los Letreros in Velez Blanco, Almeria, Andalucia is where the cave art engraving later adopted as the form of Indalo Man ... Read the complete article >>


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Cueva del Angel

Cave of the Angel (locally known as Cueva del Ángel), near Lucena in Cordoba province, Andalucia is a cluster of three archaeolo ... Read the complete article >>


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La Cueva de los Murcielagos de Zuheros

La Cueva de los Murciélagos de Zuheros or Cave of Bats was occupied by Neanderthals and Neolithic people ... Read the complete article >>


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Nerja Caves and Caverns

How the caves at Nerja formed over millions of years to become one of Spain's most popular tourist attractions. ... Read the complete article >>


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Pulpi Geode

The Pulpi geode or Giant geode, is the largest geode in Europe, the second largest in the world and the largest geode in the worl ... Read the complete article >>


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Sorbas Caves

The Sorbas caves were formed in an area of gypsum karst in the desert environment of Sorbas in Almeria province, Andalucia, south ... Read the complete article >>


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La Gruta de las Maravillas

La Gruta de las Maravillas, Cave of Wonders, spectacular, beautiful formations in Aracena, Huelva province ... Read the complete article >>


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