From the outbreak of the Spanish Civil War on the 17th July 1936, until its conclusion on the 1st April 1939, the population of Andalucia was divided in its loyalties between the rebel Nationalists and the legitimate Republican government. What was originally planned as a swift military coup d’état, degenerated into a war of attrition. Within days of the outbreak of the war, Cádiz, Seville, Granada, and Córdoba fell to the Nationalists whilst Huelva, Málaga, Jaén and Almería remained loyal to the Republicans. At the end of the war, only Almería would remain as a Republican stronghold. For almost 3 years, the front line ebbed and flowed through Andalucia pitting town against town, village against village and fathers against sons. Atrocities were committed by both sides and no one in Andalucia was immune to the horrors of the war.