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Iberians in Andalucia

When the Romans arrived in northeast Spain, they found a well-organised group of tribes living in what is now Catalonia, Valencia, Castilla-La Mancha, Murcia and Andalucia. They were the Iberians, so named by the Greeks with whom they traded, and they lived in fortified settlements that the Romans called ‘oppidum’. We still use that name today.
Whether the Iberians, like the Tartessians, existed as an identifiable people is open to dispute. Both became part of the post-Franco dictatorship (ended 1975) search for regional identity which led to demands that artefacts displayed in national museums be returned to their region of origin; for example, both Elche (Valencia) and Baza (Granada) respectively reclaim their Iberian damas presently displayed at the Museo Arqueológico Nacional in Madrid. It is a fascinating story of how we attempt to make the past fit ideas of nationhood at particular times.
For the following set of articles, ‘Iberians in Andalucia’ we will be taking the view that the Iberians were the indigenous people of Andalucia who had lived here since Neolithic times. They were influenced by traders from the eastern Mediterranean, particularly the Greeks. Their ancestors were the people of the El Argar culture that had regressed to a scattered agricultural society around 1550 BC.

A Guide to the Iberians

The Iberians created the first states in Andalucia. They are recognised for their large stone statues of animals, their oppidums ... Read the complete article >>


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Cástulo an Ibero-Romano oppidum

The Ibero-Roman oppidum of Castulo near Linares in Jaen province, Andalucia, Spain was one of the major Iberian cities in the Ibe ... Read the complete article >>


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Puente Tablas Iberian oppidum

Puente Tablas is an Iberian oppidum near Jaen dating to the 6th century BC ... Read the complete article >>


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Toya – an Iberian burial chamber

Toya is an Iberian burial chamber in the municipailty of Peal de Becerro in Jaen province Andalucia Spain ... Read the complete article >>


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Tútugi Iberian necropolis

Tútugi Iberian Necropolis at Galera is the most extensive and important display of Iberian Culture in Spain. The Lady of Galera ... Read the complete article >>


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Basti

Basti is an Iberian Roman fortified town and Necropolis near Baza, Granada province. The Dama de Baza was found here in 1971 ... Read the complete article >>


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Cerro de la Cruz

Cerro de la Cruz is an Iberian settlement in Almedinilla, Cordoba province, Andalucia occupied between the 3rd and 2nd centuries ... Read the complete article >>


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Torreparedones Archaeological Park

Torreparedones Archaeological Park, near Baena in Cordoba province is one of the best preserved Ibero-Roman settlements in Spain. ... Read the complete article >>


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Los Castellones de Ceal

Los Castellones de Ceal, is one of the most important Iberian settlements discovered in Jaen province to date although there is l ... Read the complete article >>


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Museo Íbero of Jaén

The Iberian Museum of Jaén is the only museum in the world dedicated to the Iberians, who became a cultural unit between 700 BC ... Read the complete article >>


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